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Witwatersrand gold mining

  • South African War Definition, Causes, History, & Facts

    Many historians stress that in reality the contest was for control of the rich Witwatersrand gold-mining complex located in the SAR. It was the largest gold-mining complex in the world at a time when the worlds monetary systems, preeminently the British, were increasingly dependent upon gold.

  • All that glitters Acid mine drainage: The toxic legacy

    Jan 05, 2012· In the Witwatersrand goldfields, 30 kilometers south of the caves, more than a century of mining has left the region littered with mounds of waste, known as tailings dumps, and underlain by a deep underground network of abandoned mine shafts, which are gradually filling with water.

  • Witwatersrand Gold Rush - Wikipedia

    Explorer and prospector Jan Gerrit Bantjes (1840-1914) was the first and original discoverer of a Witwatersrand gold reef in June 1884 having prospected the area since the early 1880s, as well as co-operating the Kromdraai Gold Mine in 1883 to the NW

  • Mining seismicity in the Witwatersrand Basin: monitoring

    Mining in the Witwatersrand Basin here has been the source of about one third to one half of the gold ever produced in the world. Gold was discovered in the Johannesburg area in 1886 and after 120 years of continuous operation, mining is currently approaching depths of 4 000 m.

  • Witwatersrand Basin Project WEST WITS MINING

    The Witwatersrand Basin Project (WBP) comprises two historic mining centres on the Northern Edge of the Witwatersrand Basin in the Central Rand Goldfield immediately southwest of the city of Johannesburg. Mining has been taking place within the WBP

  • Witwatersrand Gold Rush The Famous South African Gold Mine

    A brief overview of the history and development of Witwatersrand, the famous gold mine of South Africa. With photos, facts, and figures about its impact on the growth of the region, the history of precious metals in the area, and the people that have mined the gold from the ground, even up to today.

  • Witwatersrand Basin Hartbeespoort, South Africa - Atlas

    Aug 02, 2017· Its estimated that 40 to 50 percent of the all the worlds gold ever mined has come from Witwatersrand. The underground basin reaches the surface at a the Witwatersrand ridge, the namesake of the

  • Thermal properties of stratified rocks from Witwatersrand

    Witwatersrand gold mining areas. Geological framework The Witwatersrand Basin is one of the oldest well-preserved stratified basins on Earth, its present-day perimeter approximately being defined by the distribution of major gold mines (Figure 1). It contains and is overlain by four Precambrian volcano-sedimentary sequences,

  • Witwatersrand Gold Fields: Geology, Genesis, and

    Jan 01, 2000· Gold has been produced from seven major gold fields located around the northern and western margin of the 350-km-long Witwatersrand basin. Each gold field consists of one major and commonly several minor reef horizons that have been mined semicontinuously for up to 400 km2.

  • The Witwatersrand Basin and Its Gold Deposits SpringerLink

    The Mesoarchaean Witwatersrand Basin represents the largest known gold anomaly and has produced more gold than any other ore province in the world.

  • Subject 4 (Term 2): Gold Mining in the Witwatersrand

    Question 2: Discovery and Mining of Gold in the Witwatersrand 2.1 B 2.2 C 2.3 A 2.4 B 2.5 C 2.6 B 2.7 A 2.8 A 2.9 C 2.10 B . Gr8_Hist_P 4_Term 2 5 Question 3: Important Figures and the Chamber of Mines 3.1 a) Edward Lippert He was the only supplier of the appropriate dynamite used

  • The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the

    Jun 15, 2012· William Knight registered the first mining company on the Witwatersrand, the Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company, in September 1886. Goch founded the George Goch Gold Mining Company in 1886 and the Wemmer Gold Mining Company in 1887. Rudd and Rhodes floated the company Gold Fields of South Africa Limited on 9 February 1887.

  • Discovery of the Gold in 1884 South African History Online

    On 14 September 1886, the first large mining company on the Reef, the Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company, was formed with a total nominal capital of £3,063,000.

  • (PDF) Cornish Miners and the Witwatersrand Gold Mines in

    The main attraction of the Witwatersrand gold mines to immigrant white skilled miners during the period from 1890 to 1910 was that the wages paid there were higher than those paid on any other mines in the world at the time.There were certainly both 'push' and 'pull' factors at work in the process of immigration to South Africa in general, and

  • The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the

    The Witwatersrand has been subjected to geological exploration, mining activities, parallel industrial development and associated settlement patterns over the past century. The gold mines brought with them not only development, employment and wealth, but also the most devastating war in the history of South Africa, civil unrest, economical inequality, social uprooting, pollution, negative

  • Ecologies of Gold: Mining Landscapes of Johannesburg

    The Witwatersrand gold rush of 1886 marked the start not only of a century of gold mining in Johannesburg and Ekurhuleni but also of massive transformations in the landscapes of these South African cities. Once natural grasslands, the Witwatersrand Afrikaans for the ridge of white waters rapidly became a region of bustling boomtowns.

  • Witwatersrand Gold Mining Co - Company Profile and News

    Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company Limited is a former South African gold mining company. The Company ceased mining operations and is in the process of mine closure.

  • Gold Mining In Witwatersrand - Scholman Loodgieters

    Johannesburg Mining Gold Mining In Witwatersrand. 2020-6-2Johannesburg is inextricably linked to mining. The city which began its life as a mining village was founded on the discovery of gold which subsequently led to the Witwatersrand Gold Rush.

  • WEST WITS MINING WEST WITS MINING

    West Wits Mining (ASX:WWI) is an experienced gold exploration and development company focused on transforming world class mineral resources into gold. The Company plans to transition to a mid-tier gold producer from its flagship project in the Central Rand Goldfield of South Africa, the Witwatersrand

  • (PDF) Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Soils from

    The study area: Part of the Witwatersrand gold mining basin. Hazard quotient (HQ) values for heavy metals in adults and children for soil from mining area. Cancer risk values of heavy metals for

  • Gold mining: Knysna's Millwood gold fields - Knysna Museums

    Barberton thrived briefly as a gold mining region, but it was soon overshadowed by the opening of the reefs of the Witwatersrand. Gold mining continues on a much reduced scale in the Barberton area to this day. WITWATERSRAND: The English miner, J.H. Davis, is credited with the earliest find on the Witwatersrand - on the farm Pardekraal in 1852.

  • (PDF) A Review of the Witwatersrand Basin - The Worlds

    Gold mining in the Witwatersrand Basin has been responsible for the creation of the metropolis of Johannesburg and many thriving mining towns and has had a major influence in the shaping of South

  • The viability of using the Witwatersrand gold mine

    The Witwatersrand Basin is the heart of South Africaa gold mining industry. The cluster of gold mines located in the Witwatersrand Basin generates a significant amount of mine tailings, which have adverse effects on the environment and ecological systems. In addition, disposal costs are very high.

  • South-African-Mines - Mining Artifacts

    The first mining concern (the Nil Desperandum Co-operative Gold Company) was formed at Blaauwbank in 1874.]Gold was mined at various places on the Rand up to 1886, when the discovery of the Witwatersrand Main Reef set off the historic Witwatersrand Gold Rush.

  • Grade 8 - Topic 2 - The Mineral Revolution in South Africa

    Feb 24, 2015· This lesson focuses on the changing balance of power in South Africa brought about by gold mining, and the foundations of racial segregation by exploring Britain, diamond mining and increasing labour control and land expansionism as well as Deep-level gold mining on the Witwatersrand 1886 onwards.

  • West Wits Mining boosts South Africa gold resource by 702

    Oct 21, 2020· The latest mineral resource update from South Africa gold hunter West Wits Mining (ASX: WWI) adds another 702,000 ounces to the Witwatersrand Basin project, bringing the total to 4.37 million ounces at an average grade of 3.88 grams per tonne gold. The resource update covers the Kimberley East deposit within the broader project, which is located in the Central Rand goldfield of

  • Witwatersrand Nigel Mine (Wit Nigel Mine), Nigel

    Witwatersrand Nigel Mine (Wit Nigel Mine), Nigel, Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Gauteng, South Africa : An independent gold mine. Produced 247,000 tons ore yielding 808 kg Au (1984).

  • The Effects of Uranium Mining on Health Case Studies

    WITWATERSRAND MINING BASIN* The Witwatersrand has been mined for more than a century. It is the worlds largest gold and uranium mining basin with the extraction, from more than 120 mines, of 43 500 tons of gold in one century and 73 000 tons of uranium between 1953 and 1995.

  • The viability of using the Witwatersrand gold mine

    The Witwatersrand Basin is the heart of South Africaa gold mining industry. The cluster of gold mines located in the Witwatersrand Basin generates a significant amount of mine tailings, which have adverse effects on the environment and ecological systems. In addition, disposal costs are very high.

  • The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the

    Radioactivity The Witwatersrand Supergroup contains more uranium than gold and the Witwatersrand gold mines are in fact also uranium mines. Uranium was originally mined as a by-product of the gold mining industry in Gauteng and the West Rand (Von Backström, 1976).

  • Cradle Gold. A High Margin, Shallow Resource Focused Gold

    Sep 20, 2019· Well over 100 years of mining in the Witwatersrand Gold Basin has resulted in well understood ore bodies. A High Upside Producer 60,000 oz per annum near term production growing to 200,000 oz per annum from existing resources.

  • Gold Mine tour-Johannesburg - Johannesburg's mining tours

    Gold mining beginnings First gold found in the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Rand area was in quartz rock and in addition as alluvial gold. However in small quantities only. Then the main gold reef find of 1886 changed this.

  • Witwatersrand Basin (RSA) - Universität Klagenfurt

    The Witwatersrand Basin is approximatly 350 km long and 200 km wide. The gold mines in this area are possibly the deepest mines in the world (mining operations at 3600 m

  • The Witwatersrand Goldfield - Auction #85

    With an up to date coloured map of the mining properties covering the whole Witwatersrand Goldfield together with a geological sketch map. First edition: 30 pages, 2 folding maps in the pocket at the back of the book, red cloth boards which are insect scarred, a good copy.

  • The impact of acid mine drainage in South Africa

    Gold mining Witwatersrand gold occurs in layers of conglomerate rock which form part of the approximately 7000 m thick sequence of sedimentary rocks of the Witwatersrand Supergroup. The layers average about a metre in thickness. The conglomerates are not uniformly gold

  • Benchmarks: October 11, 1899: Second Boer War begins

    The 1886 discovery of gold on a farm in the Witwatersrand region of southern Africa drove the growth of Johannesburg, and gold mining has aided the South African economy for more than a century since. But gold, and diamonds, also fueled the Second Boer War, one of

  • A paper on the origins of the original Witwatersrand Gold

    Mar 01, 2018· These lavas were found in many places while gold-mining. Surface occurrences. On the surface, a huge tidal-wave or Tsunami screamed northwards, taking the tops of the volcanic vents, or pipes, with it. This piled up along a roughly East-West line to form the Witwatersrand Ridge, about 120 kilometres from impact.

  • Cradle Gold. A High Margin, Shallow Resource Focused Gold

    Sep 20, 2019· Access to Well Known Gold Resources Well over 100 years of mining in the Witwatersrand Gold Basin has resulted in well understood ore bodies. A High Upside Producer 60,000 oz per annum near term production growing to 200,000 oz per annum from existing resources.

  • The viability of using the Witwatersrand gold mine

    SYNOPSIS The Witwatersrand Basin is the heart of South Africa'a gold mining industry. The cluster of gold mines located in the Witwatersrand Basin generates a significant amount of mine tailings, which have adverse effects on the environment and ecological systems.